The African continent is urbanising fast. By the mid-2030s, the majority of Africans will live in urban areas. Africa’s urbanisation can allow for structural transformation, if accompanied by productive employment and sufficient public goods. However, diverse urbanisation patterns across African countries show that unplanned urbanisation can hinder their structural transformation. In many African countries, a large portion of the urban labour force remains trapped in low-productivity informal services activities and access to public goods is unequal. The costs of environmental degradation are large and increasing, adding to the economic and social challenges of urbanisation.
Theme analysis by
country and year
Entrepreneurship and industrialisation
Sustainable Cities and Structural Transformation
Regional development and spatial inclusion
Global Value Chains and Africa's Industrialisation
Structural Transformation and Natural Resources
Promoting Youth Employment
Africa and its Emerging Partners
Public Resource Mobilisation and Aid in Africa
Innovation and ICT in Africa
Unlock the potential of African entrepreneurs for accelerating Africa’s industrial transformation, says the African Economic Outlook 2017
AfricanEconomicOutlook.org offers comprehensive and comparable data and analysis of 54 African economies.