This chapter looks at the most recent data on governance in Africa, with the intent of assessing the effectiveness of public institutions in supporting Africa’s development outcomes. It examines policy demands across the continent, current challenges in meeting these demands and examples of good initiatives paving the way forward.
The principal questions of interest are as follows: What do we know about citizens’ demands for economic and political governance in Africa? How are public institutions currently performing in terms of meeting those demands? What are examples of policy initiatives leading the way in achieving results in Africa?
Key findings are presented first, and details about how these findings were arrived at are provided in subsequent sections.
The most recent data available on governance in Africa shows growing demands for better economic opportunities and more accountability with respect to public policies. Priorities for businesses include better access to electricity, financing and competition policies.
Regarding the policy-making processes, key challenges remain in most countries.
Recent policy initiatives show good examples of achieving results in public service delivery.
Looking forward, stronger accountability and oversight processes will be crucial to identifying and solving cross-cutting challenges. Good oversight can also help reduce institutional fragmentation and duplication of effort across governments.
Unlock the potential of African entrepreneurs for accelerating Africa’s industrial transformation, says the African Economic Outlook 2017
AfricanEconomicOutlook.org offers comprehensive and comparable data and analysis of 54 African economies.